LifeOS: exploring the system that executes DNA

October 22, 2008

Holographic Mind

Filed under: Ch 07 Biological Holography — Tags: , , — insomniac @ 11:09 am

Dr. Karl Pribram

Back in the 60s, Dr. Karl Pribram had this to say about how the brain produces images in the mind.

“ …brain models need to take into account the type of processing performed
by optical systems. Such optical information processing is called
holography, and holograms display exactly the same sort of
imaging properties observed for brain…”

Sight, hearing and thought all involve generating an internal hologram by firing synchronized neurons. Dr. Pribram was far ahead of his time. Not only did he see the brain as using holographic principles before most even new that holography existed, but he saw how it related to motor activity.

More from Dr. Pribram:

“What the data suggest is that there exists in the cortex, a multidimensional holographic-like process serving as an attractor or set point toward which muscular contractions operate to achieve a specified environmental result.”

The actual process of thought is connected holographically to muscles, which have their own holographic memory. Both are connected to the holographic model in our mind that we project as outward reality. What we see, hear, smell and feel, along with what we do and think about, are intimately wound into memory at all levels of our existence.

An Imaginary Ferrari

When the light bounces off the hood of your Ferrari , for example, it produces a 2D image on your retina. There is no matter being transferred, only light energy, carrying information.

Some photons bounce off the surface of the clear lacquer top layer, some penetrate deeper into the layers of paint. All these photons pick up individual bits of information about the surface qualities, and scatter this information into the environment. Within this scattering, all these individual bits remain coherent; the information describing this object retains its meaning. Amazing!

Waves of Information

The eye gathers all this information and sends it to the brain. The individual data paths from retina to the brain, have been studied at length. However, the way this data is reassembled into an interactive representation of external reality, is more difficult to address. As Dr. Pribram surmised more than forty years ago, it most certainly involves holographic principles.

The waves of photons encode the information into wave lengths and other properties that the nerve endings of your retina further encode into their specialty. Some nerve endings are sensitive to wave length, distinguishing colors. Other nerve endings are sensitive to other properties, like movement or edges, and they send their encoded information to the brain. Rather than consider all data paths as individual streams, it is more helpful to consider that they all follow the same wave synchronization as does the environment. Waves of photons are translated into waves of nerve impulses that maintain their coherence as they are converted into images in the cortex.

In the brain, these waves of incoming information are re-organized into a dynamic hologram, that mimics the external one. It is so accurate that you can you can use it to drive your Ferrari successfully through extremely dynamic environmental conditions.

Total Experience

Not only does this hologram consolidate diverse visual cues into an accurate model of the environment, but it also integrates the rest of the senses into a total experience. This includes the 3D holographic model along with all the sounds of the singing exhaust, smells of aromatic oils and jerking of g-forces that accompanied the experience. This total package is saved in memory as such. It links recall to elements of the experience that are not directly observable as environmental events, like the thrill of speed and the pride of ownership. In other words, it records dopamine, adrenaline and other hormone levels as well. This information is not stored as individual bits of data, but as part of the current “state” of the organism. All of this information is accessible in ways only dreamed of by database engineers.

Add to that the fact that the word “Ferrari ”, can recreate the experience, including a rush of hormones and you have a remarkable system. Actually, it can do better than that: it can create some of the Ferrari experience in the imagination, without ever having driven one. This is information processing at a very high level. Artificial Intelligence folks would love to be able to do this kind of stuff.

Instant Rendering

What the holographic model does is embody all relationships at once, like the 3D environment projected by our brain. Instead of isolating parts, it looks at the whole; the experience. It is like a 3D rendering done by ray tracing, in that it collects all the coordinates within its field, but it does it instantaneously. Whereas ray tracing is a digital activity that traces every ray, one by one, the holographic system projects all the ray possibilities at once.

A coherent electromagnetic field acts as if it were a single object, no matter the spacing or distance between the physical elements that generate the field. The field represents all of the possible mathematical and geometric relationships within its structure. It is the very antithesis of a linear equation; it is holographic projection of potential. The state of the field exists as a wave pattern against that potential; a real time expression of all current relationships.

Seeing in the Dark

Another question worth asking is, where does the light that appears in our cortex come from? Light stops at the retina, yet the hologram we see in our cortex is very convincingly made of light. It would seem that the neurons that produce the images in our brain are working in total darkness, right? We are not seeing the light directly, but our neurons are mimicking the environment as reported by the senses, including the light levels. Could the fact that all cells emit biophotons, light in the visible spectrum, have anything to do with it? According to Dr. Popp, chemical reactions within the cell are initiated by biophotons. They appear to be part of the control mechanism that manages cell activity. These biophotons are the holographic bits, firing in perfect sync, cranking out neurotransmitters, essentially producing our reality.


September 10, 2008

The Computational Mind

“In philosophy, the computational theory of mind is the view that the human mind is best conceived as an information processing system and that thought is a form of computation.” –wikipedia

Computation doesn’t necessarily involve mathematics, but is defined as, “the process of taking input and following a step by step algorithm to get a specific output.” The process that takes input from the senses and produces a reasonable facsimile of an external reality, certainly involves a precise process that repeats steps. However, the computer does its job by repeating small computations in a rapid string of steps, the biocomputer has billions of cpu’s available to parallel process information. Step by step is a very linear description of something that is obviously very nonlinear and extremely dynamic. So, there has to be a better term for the process than computation, but it will do for now. Recent research into neuron function has given us some clues as to how this works.

Prophetic Neurons

Modern brain imaging applied to basic conditioning experiments, seen through the lens of computer science theory, has produced an amazing new understanding of how the subconscious mind functions. The behavior of these dopamine neurons shows some pretty sophisticated “thinking” going on at the cellular level. These neurons act as if they are predicting the future.

An article on titled: A New State of Mind, by Jonah Lehrer, relates the discovery of very interesting attributes of “dopamine neurons”.

The conditioning experiment, much like the flatworms in the aquarium, requires the subject to learn a simple sequence of events. In this case, the stimulus was followed by a reward instead of a shock.

“His experiments observed a simple protocol: He played a loud tone, waited for a few seconds, and then squirted a few drops of apple juice into the mouth of a monkey. While the experiment was unfolding, Schultz was probing the dopamine-rich areas of the monkey brain with a needle that monitored the electrical activity inside individual cells. At first the dopamine neurons didn’t fire until the juice was delivered; they were responding to the actual reward. However, once the animal learned that the tone preceded the arrival of juice — this requires only a few trials — the same neurons began firing at the sound of the tone instead of the sweet reward. And then eventually, if the tone kept on predicting the juice, the cells went silent. They stopped firing altogether.”

Computational Behavior

This behavior had everybody stumped. It seemed like the dopamine was carrying information about the reward, but why would it stop firing? The answer came when the data from these experiments cross pollinated with a theoretical computer model called, temporal difference reinforcement learning (TDRL). From the field of artificial intelligence, this model was an attempt to program “neuron like” performance, using simple protocols for goal oriented action.

“The basic premise is straightforward: The software makes predictions about what will happen — about how a checkers game will unfold for example — and then compares these predictions with what actually happens. If the prediction is right, that series of predictions gets reinforced. However, if the prediction is wrong, the software reevaluates its representation of the game.”

These neurons were acting just like theoretical neurons would act. These cells were making predictions!

“Once the cells memorize the simple pattern — a loud tone predicts the arrival of juice — they become exquisitely sensitive to variations on the pattern. If the cellular predictions proved correct and the primates experienced a surge of dopamine, the prediction was reinforced. However, if the pattern was violated — if the tone sounded but the juice never arrived — then the monkey’s dopamine neurons abruptly decreased their firing rate.

“What’s interesting about this system is that it’s all about expectation. Dopamine neurons constantly generate patterns based upon experience: If this, then that. The cacophony of reality is distilled into models of correlation. And if these predictions ever prove incorrect, then the neurons immediately readjust their expectations. The discrepancy is internalized; the anomaly is remembered.”

This demonstrates the very core concept of LifeOS, that information processing is fundamental to cellular activity and that such activity constitutes intelligent action. To memorize, make predictions, evaluate results and readjust expectations are all intelligent actions that we would normally expect from individuals, but these same kinds of “computations” are being accomplished at the cellular level.

Representation of Meaning

“The computational theory of mind requires representation because ‘input’ into a computation comes in the form of symbols or representations of other objects. A computer cannot compute an actual object, it must interpret and represent the object in some form and then compute the representation.” –

I think this comes from the view that these computations are done by an abstract information processing machine, like our computers. With computers, input has to be converted to numbers that can be computed. In other words, the meaning is being provided from the outside; the machine simply processes numbers. The computer was designed as a general purpose machine, not at all concerned with meaning. The biological information processing system evolved with meaning as an integrated function.

Then if you see these neurons as firing in synch, they produce a dynamic hologram that represents the “state” of the organism. In the holographic theory of mind, the hologram generated by matter is the representation, already in the proper format. This dynamic hologram is the representation, memory and computational process all rolled into one. It exists at the atomic level.

This produces a fundamental “mind” that permeates all matter. DNA amplifies this fundamental process to produce Life. The brain further refines the process to produce mobile agents capable of micro management. The frontal cortex allows complex abstract thought, and enhanced imagination, making for nearly unlimited capability for manipulation of matter and energy.

In this model, the computation is the comparison of present interference patterns with the past and the generation of expectations for future patterns.

The Difference that Makes a Difference

Remember back in Information Theory we talked about it. How do biological systems recognize this crucial information? In computers it is done mathematically by assigning values to events and the range of deviation they register. Those values will repeat over time producing a pattern that can be evaluated for unusual behavior. In our biological holographic system, those patterns are represented by the interference patterns created by the dynamic coherent electromagnetic field. As the present patterns are laid down in this holographic memory, any deviation from preceding patterns are immediately evident to the field. Errant interference patterns cause a disturbance in the field that the entire field is aware of at once.

What Bateson and his cohorts created mathematically for computers exists as a fundamental process in biological information processing systems.

June 8, 2008

Holographic Memory Device

Filed under: Ch 07 Biological Holography — Tags: , , , , , — insomniac @ 7:09 am

Holographic Memory

Remember the diagram for a holographic memory device? Let’s do some engineering on this holographic process and see if we can’t come up with a more compact design. The diagram we have here is a crude model, but it gives us a place to start. It lays out the process in easy steps. We want to build a really compact unit.

One way to do that, is to eliminate redundancy. Right away we can see that this system uses two crystals, one to create the laser and another to store the image. If we can combine functions in one crystal, we would be way ahead. For that, we need a crystal that creates the laser and also serves as the storage medium.

Crystals of different materials have a wide range of properties that could help us here. In computer design, combining crystalline materials is commonplace.

There are crystals that produce visible light under certain conditions. Crystals seem to be constructed a lot like a house of mirrors. Maybe we can find a way to eliminate the mirrors and get our light source inside the crystal. We need a crystal made from a composite that has all of these properties.

We started with a static diagram and we need something that can store dynamic data. All we have to do to make use of the storage capacity of the hologram is change the angle of the laser to media. So, our crystal needs to be flexible, maybe even liquid.

Well then, crystals could potentially solve all our problems. All we need to do is build a crystal that emits laser light, can direct it, while serving as a flexible storage medium. Sounds like a tough assignment, doesn’t it?

Do you know what crystalline structure, that has been in the news a lot lately, fits all those requirements? It is DNA.

DNA as a Quasicrystal

A pure crystal is made up of one molecule that, combined with itself, forms a core unit that defines the crystalline structure and shape. The centers of adjoining core units are equidistant. A quasicrystal is composed of more than one core unit and can have different distances between adjacent centers. So a quasicrystal repeats the pattern of multiple molecules, while a pure crystal contains only one.

This high degree of organization produces a resonance that serves to amplify the basic molecular signal. For instance, quartz molecules by themselves can’t do much, but as a crystal they can be used to power a simple radio.

Just like a pure crystal, DNA produces a signal. That signal is generated by the combined signals emitted by all the atoms in the quasicrystal. It is just as unique as individual DNA. That signal is called a biophoton. This emission is very weak, but the frequency of that signal is in the spectrum of visible light. So, every cell in your body is emitting light in the range of human sight.

This light is not ordinary light, it is in sync, like light from a laser. Every cell in your body has a DNA crystal clock that is in sync with every other cell in your body. Remember, you started out as a single cell in your mother’s womb. That cell divided, split in two, each getting a copy of your original DNA. Each copy of that DNA maintains the signal’s integrity. In the end you have trillions of cells, all in sync, all singing your unique tune in perfect harmony.

This forms what is called in quantum physics, a coherent electromagnetic field, aka, a hologram that permeates your physical body. Sounds like the aura to me.

This electromagnetic field is in addition to the one that the matter making up your body already generates.

The properties of a coherent electromagnetic field are really quite amazing and the fact that biological systems incorporate them in their design is even more astounding. They go a long ways toward explaining how biology accomplishes sight, navigation and thought.

Data Entry

Ok, we have our compact biological holographic memory device, but how do we get the data from the object we want to save into this crystal?

If we are saving binary data or images, the reflection from the lasers form interference patterns that we save on, or within, media. We create the interference patterns that define the object with our laser light and mirrors. Another way to look at it is that the laser light and mirrors are translating the physical object into a holographic language that can be stored as interference patterns. It is working like a ray tracer in 3D rendering; it is plotting the object’s coordinates. The recorded interference patterns represent the coordinates of the object, along with its texture and reflectivity.

In our DNA memory device we don’t need to translate because the information we want to save is already in the form of interference patterns. What the DNA is recording is the current state of the coherent electromagnetic field that it helps generate. That information is already encoded in holographic language. The input for this memory device comes from its membership in the coherent electromagnetic field it helps generate.

Dr. Fritz-Albert Popp:

“Biological Systems are governed by the special
interaction of a coherent electromagnetic field (biophotons) and biological
matter. There is a permanent feedback coupling between field and matter
in a way that the field directs the location and activity of matter,
while matter provides the boundary conditions of the field. Since
the field is almost fully coherent, the interference patterns of the
field contain the necessary information about the regulatory function.”

Realtime Feedback

A permanent feedback coupling between the cells and the whole organism. The coherent electromagnetic field is a realtime, virtual, purely informational representation of the current state of the matter it represents. As each repeated cycle of activity lays down its present status in holographic interference patterns, they are constantly being compared against past patterns. Realtime feedback.

That means that the whole organism “KNOWS” what every cell is doing and every cell “KNOWS” what every other cell “KNOWS” at the same time. So this hologram being produced by all the cells is instantly sensitive to disturbance anywhere within the organism. That’s the way a holographic system works. This perfectly describes the self-regulating electrochemical process revealed by the Gaia hypothesis.

Besides the coded static information stored in its sequences, our DNA, holographically stores/manages dynamic information within it’s crystalline structure.

What is really the key here is that holographic memory records interference patterns by “altering the internal structure of the medium”. Think about that for a minute. Actions carried out in a coherent electromagnetic field produce interference patterns that in turn alter the molecular structure of the recording medium.

Altered Media

In this case, our DNA produces the coherent electromagnetic field, that produces the interference patterns and is the medium that gets its molecular structure altered.

As the action is repeated, more interference patterns are recorded on top of each other, presumably in some sort of harmonic resonance. This is what is happening in living DNA; it is building a memory that is dynamically changing its own molecular structure.

How does this relate to mutation? Is this the system that manages future generations? Is evolution guided by past action thru this process? It sounds very much like Rupert Sheldrake’s Morphic Fields, doesn’t it?

So the DNA has the properties of a string of code, but also emits a signal that is part of a holographic memory system. This is memory if you are talking about the past, but in the present, this dynamic memory becomes consciousness; awareness of past, present and future.

Since we have only recently discovered these holographic principles we haven’t had time to uncover all of the places that they are operational. However, they can’t be more fundamental than at the quantum level of matter, DNA in biological systems and our own thought process. It should be obvious that these principles permeate all levels of physical reality.

Holographic principles make possible the high level of communication necessary to maintain the consistent supply of nutrients required by every ecosystem. Holographic principles provide the information channels necessary for biological systems to keep track of everything at once, and keep all elements notified.

Single Celled Organisms

Within the Holoverse we have coherent electromagnetic fields that are made up of adjacent agents where the coherent electromagnetic field coincides with the physical structure. There are also coherent electromagnetic fields that are dispersed throughout the environment. They are still connected as one on the informational level while being separate on the physical level. For example, single celled organisms that live in water, but have reproduced by division, all have their DNA in synch just as do all they cells in your body. These cells are all in instant holographic communication with each other as if they were all in the same bag.

Life is driven by cycles, just like computers. Very fast short cycles, linked in harmonic patterns of larger cycles. Computer cycles are a creation of the computer hardware engineers and somewhat arbitrary, while Life cycles are in sync with Natural cycles, the Holoverse.

Time/space only exists for matter, but the Holoverse contains all segments of the cycles driving Life. The Holoverse contains the past as memory and the future as a holographic projection. The past, present and future of any location are accessible through the Holoverse. As far as we know, an awareness is the only way to access this Holoverse.

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